|PLACE RÉSUMÉ - (also see news)
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Jonathan Adamson - Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
Andrew Darke - Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire
A number of artists came together as a result of attending the international "Landscape & Sculpture" symposium, Manchester Polytechnic, 1-3 September 1989. Six artists including Sue Hilder, Ute Kreyman, Anneke Pettican and John Sexton, Jonathan Adamson and Andrew Darke formed the group Art & Place shortly afterwards. PLACE evolved from this group in 1994. Anneké Pettican worked with PLACE from 1990 until 2001. Dr. Richard Cowell - Research Fellow at the Department of City and Regional Planning, Cardiff University collaborated closely with PLACE from 1997 - 2004. Pam Day, artist gives ideas and practical help.
* The group is a forum for debate and exchange on a variety of issues
surrounding art, public art,
infrastructure, architecture and the environment.
* The group works on
ideas, papers for publication, exhibitions, open meetings and initiatives
* New responses and approaches are
* Work is presented by the group, and others, for discussion
and constructive criticism.
* Visits are made to sites of interest.
PLACE Open Meetings offer an opportunity for people from
all walks of life to give a presentation to an assembled group about their
work and concerns. People attending are are given the opportunity to both
present and be a member of the audience over two consecutive meetings.
They are asked to attend for two days, usually over a weekend, to allow
time for social contacts. A reflective space is provided in which the
speaker and audience can develop ideas, and the speaker can obtain
feedback. Any subject can be discussed: there is no limitation of agenda.
A discursive and responsive space becomes available, distinct from outside
career structures, and not easy to find within the world of work.
Note: all members have not necessarily been involved in all PLACE
PLACE is an unincorporated association.
||Janet Askew, Head of the Department of Planning and Architecture, Faculty of Environment and Technology, University of the West of England, Bristol, informs us that she has used PLACE’s work on reducing the environmental impact of mobile phone masts in her report on the subject to the Welsh Assembly. The Assembly is particularly interested in the information from PLACE. Students in her department also refer to and use PLACE’s work.
||National Grid sends its Stalybridge to Woodhead (4ZO) 400kV Line Longterm Future Study - Final Scoping Report to PLACE. The study sets out all the options for carrying power which are to be evaluated – including PLACE’s proposed route for undergrounding. NG’s timetable for work on the study and workshops with PLACE continue to slide.
||PLACE attends National Grid (NG), public exhibition of proposals for
its new control building to be built in the railway cutting at Dunford
Bridge. NG agrees to most of PLACE's, Campaign to Protect Rural England
(CPRE's), Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA's) and others
suggestions to improve the design.
PLACE attends NG's second Stalybridge to Woodhead (4ZO)
Long Term Future Study – Scoping Meeting. NG
agrees to undertake all PLACE's previously submitted requests for
additions to its Scoping Study.
NG agrees to PLACE's requests for
workshops on aspects of its work on the Stalybridge to Woodhead (4ZO) 400kV overhead transmission
||PLACE submits a detailed response to NG's Stalybridge to Woodhead (4ZO) 400kV
Long Term Future Study – Draft Scoping
||PLACE attends with PDNPA and others NG's Stalybridge to Woodhead (4ZO) 400kV
Long Term Future Study – Scoping
||PLACE attends Community Liason Meeting at Crow Edge re NG Woodhead
Tunnel re-cabling called by NG Electricity Alliance East.
||PLACE attends scoping meeting re NG Woodhead Tunnel re-cabling called
by NG - (see news)
||PLACE attends a Dunford Bridge Community meeting re NG Woodhead Tunnel
re-cabling called by National Grid
||New PLACE website goes online www.p-l-a-c-e.org
||National Grid (NG), PLACE, Campaign to
Protect Rural England (CPRE), Peak District National Park Authority
(PDNPA) meet on site in the National Park (NP) to discuss a number of
aspects of NG’s future work including PLACE’s proposed tree planting to
mitigate NG’s works and the impact of the A628 in the area.
A joint PLACE/CPRE leaflet circulated with CPRE’s “Peakland Guardian”
causes 16 letters to be written to the (PDNPA) concerning National Grid’s
proposals for work within the NP.
PLACE speaks to PDNPA Planning Committee at its meeting when discussing
National Grid’s proposals for its Thorpe Marsh to Stalybridge 400kV
overhead line upgrade project, approximately 9 miles of which runs through
the Peak District National Park.
||PLACE requests and is granted consultee
status with National Grid for its Thorpe Marsh to Stalybridge 400kV
overhead line upgrade project.
The Forestry Commission writes to all the mobile phone providers
inviting them to join a PLACE / Forestry Commission initiative to reduce
the impact of mobile phone technology in the landscape. A letter is
received from the Mobile Operators Association declining the
PLACE “Open Meeting” at Tower House, Huddersfield (see above)
||“Text and Image
Collage” 2007 completed, brings together the work of poet Stephen Spender
and photographer Jo Spence.
||“A New Vision for
Longdendale in the Peak District National Park and the Upper Don Valley”
is published by PLACE advocating additional “undergrounding” of the Thorpe
Marsh to Stalybridge 400kV overhead transmission line when refurbishment
of the cabling running through the Woodhead Tunnel takes place. This
proposal is supported by the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England
(CPRE), the Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA) and the Council
for National Parks (CNP).
||PLACE and representatives of the CPRE,
CNP, Friends of the Lake District (FLD) and the National Association for
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty meet the Director of Transmissions of
Ofgem (Office of Gas and Electricity Markets) to discuss issues around
“undergrounding” parts of the National Grid.
magazine (the journal of the Royal Town Planning Institute) prints a
letter from PLACE demonstrating the inaccuracy of an earlier article. The
letter is critical of the current approach of the mobile phone industry to
||PLACE “Open Meeting” hosted by Andrew
Darke at Field House, Gloucestershire. Six people gave presentations on a
wide variety of subjects.
||"Revive Time Kaki Tree Project" A new planting of a Kaki tree sapling
in Edgerton Cemetery, Huddersfield. The planting was initiated by Jonathan
Adamson and was attended by approx. 10 children and 16 adults.
||PLACE receives full support from CPRE
for its “undergrounding” initiative for a section of the National Grid
lying within the Peak National Park.
||Arts Council Grant of £4,500 for “Views,
Vistas and Reverie - Period 2” collaboration with the Forestry Commission.
This will establish a best practice project on FC land for the design and
siting of mobile telecoms infrastructure in landscape .
||The “Views, Vistas and Reverie” research
goes online, click - view, vista & reverie - to view
||“Views, Vistas and
Reverie – A Photographic Survey of the Intrusion of Telecommunications
Infrastructure in the Landscape of the Forest of Dean” published.
||The Forestry Commission invites PLACE to
work with them on a ‘best practice’ project.
||PLACE meets the Forestry Commission
(FC), England to discuss the “Views, Vistas and Reverie” research and the
initiation of a ‘best practice’ project reducing the impact of telecoms
base stations on FC land.
||“Open Meeting” organised by PLACE and
hosted by Tam Giles at St. James Studios, London. Six people gave
|March - May 2005
||PLACE meets again with
the CPRE – ongoing discussions re a new vision for the Longdendale Valley,
Peak National Park.
||PLACE meets representatives of the CPRE
at Woodhead in the Peak District National Park to discuss PLACE’s
proposals for potential environmental improvements for the Longdendale
||PLACE meets with the National Grid to
discuss their “surface trough” undergrounding system.
||PLACE accepts an invitation from the
“Friends of the Lake District” to their “Overhead Wires Planning
||As a result of a correspondence about
the impact of high voltage transmission lines in the landscape between
PLACE (initiated by JA) and the National Grid, PLACE is invited to a
||Forest of Dean District Council
Telecomms Mast Working Group first meeting.
accepts £6K funding offered by the Countryside Agency to produce a
Telecommunications Infrastructure Study for the FoDDC area.
||PLACE gives oral
evidence to apMobile the Parliamentary Inquiry into Planning Law as it
Affects the Siting of Mobile Phone Masts.
||PLACE submits written evidence to the
“Dinch me Dark God” exhibition, discussion group and
slide show by Jonathan Adamson and Pamela Day, April 2-4 at Field House,
||Negotiations between PLACE, Forest of
Dean District Council and the Countryside Agency to facilitate a project
to reduce the impact of
infrastructure on the community and landscape in the FoD. The project
co-lead by Councillor Stephen McMillan and PLACE is adopted by the Council
||The Countryside Agency organises a
meeting in the Forest of Dean in response to PLACE's telecomms initiative,
which brings together a range of interested parties.
||Director ofPlanning for the Forest
ofDean District Council (FoDDC), Jim Stewart, acknowledges PLACE's help on
the new Supplementary Planning Guidance for Telecommunications Masts. The
new Guidance will be sent to companies wishing to erect new telecomms
installations in the Forest ofDean.
Development Department publishes Planning Advice Note 62 (PAN 62) on Radio
Telecommunications. PLACE's help is acknowledged by Senior Planner, Ben
2 September 2001
|ATLASproject presented at Galleri 21,
Radmansgatan 5, 211 46 Malmo, Sweden as part of the exhibition "River,
|1 August 2001
online - www.atlasplace.clara.net
|1 June 2001
||SKY MAP (balloon release). Commissioned
by PLACE to coincide with the official opening ofCardiff Bay
Adrian Holme's and Hana Sakuma's collaborative
performance/event offers an alternative experience to the erasure,
enclosure and consumerism embodied in the development ofCardiff Bay.
||Jonathan Adamson writes to the Chairman
ofthe Peak National Park outlining a number ofideas and suggestions that
would reduce the impact ofhigh voltage power transmission, initially in
the Hazelhead, Longdendale area ofthe park, but with potential
applications in other National Parks, AONB and the UK as a whole.
||ASPIRE TO CLEAR HORIZONS and CLEAR
HORIZONS documents become available on the Technical Indexes Ltd. Planning
||PLACE submits a response to the Scottish
Executive's "Consultation Paper on Telecommunications Mast Development -
||Andrew Darke initiates a collaboration
between PLACE, the Forest of Dean District Council and The Countryside
Agency which aims to draw the telecomms companies into a special project
to reduce the impact of their infrastructure on the environment of the
Forest of Dean.
||Response to the
Department of the Environment, Transport and Regions (DETR) "Consultation
Paper on Telecommunication Mast Development (by Telecommunications Code
System Operators)" is returned.
||CLEAR HORIZONS - 'Mobile Telephony and
the Environmental Intrusiveness of Base Stations' report by PLACE and Ove
Arup and Partners, is published with copies sent to the DETR, conservation
and heritage organisations, the mobile telephony industry and the press.
Website - www.clearhorizons.fsnet.co.uk
||PLACE attends the “Mobiles and the
Environment” Conference at the Cumberland Hotel, London and gives a
presentation on the need to redress the damage being caused by the
industry to the environment.
||The potential sponsors meeting attended
by participants of the "Beauty and the Mast" seminar and issues meeting,
results in a revision of the above prospectus. The revised prospectus
CLEAR HORIZONS is issued to the mobile telephony industry in March
||PLACE and Ove Arup issue the ASPIRE TO
CLEAR HORIZONS prospectus which proposes a cross industry project to
reduce the impact of mobile telephony infrastructure, especially in rural
||PLACE and Ove Arup organise the "Beauty
and the Mast" seminar and issues
meeting which brings together the
mobile telephony industry, the Department of the Environment, Transport
and the Regions, Countryside Agency, Scottish Natural Heritage, Council
for the Preservation of Rural England, planners, and others, for the first
time in relation to this issue.
||Arts Council of Great Britain grants
£5000 to facilitate the employment of artists' skills on the above
||Andrew Darke initiates, through the
Public Art Commissions Agency, Birmingham, a collaboration with Ove Arup
& Partners, Consulting Engineers, on a multi-client project to look at
ways of reducing the environmental intrusiveness of mobile telephony base
stations and infrastructure.
||Work begins on proposals for Mount
Stuart Graving Docks, Cardiff Bay - see the synopsis of the ATLAS project
||Material outlining PLACE’s ATLAS project
at Cardiff Bay is published in the book “Capital Cardiff 1975-2020”
edited by Alan Hooper and John Hunter published by University of Wales
(the journal of the Royal Town Planning Institute) prints a letter from
PLACE demonstrating the inaccuracy of an earlier article. The letter is
critical of the current approach of the mobile phone industry to
||“Views, Vistas and Reverie – A
Photographic Survey of the Intrusion of Telecommunications Infrastructure
in the Landscape of the Forest of Dean” is published.
||Dr. Richard Cowell’s report “The Scope
for Undergrounding Overhead Electricity Lines” (commissioned by Friends of
the Lake District from the UK Centre for Economic and Environmental
Development), reproduces two of PLACE's photographs of National Grid's
400Kv open trough system, in use at Woodhead, within the Peak National
Park, for approximately 1/4 mile.
||"Landscape Research," Vol. 26 No.1,
publishes a polemic by Tim Hall and Iain Robertson - "Public Art and Urban
Regeneration: advocacy, claims and critical debates" - which includes a
number of references to Andrew Darke's "ECOS" article. (See above.)
||ASPIRE TO CLEAR HORIZONS and CLEAR
HORIZONS documents become available on the Technical Indexes Ltd. Planning
||"alias" (artist led initiative advisory
service) publication, documenting a pilot project, includes information on
PLACE's contact with the service. The publication also uses a photograph
on its cover of the pre-barrage tidal mud in Mount Stuart Graving Docks,
Cardiff Bay, taken by Andrew Darke. The publication was commissioned by
South West Arts and produced by Stroud Valleys Artspace.
||PUBLIC:ART:SPACE, a book
published by Public Art Commissions Agency (Merrell Holberton, London),
includes the ATLAS project in its chapter "A strategy for public
art in Cardiff Bay." The book documents a decade of PACA's advocacy, and
commissioning, of art for public spaces.
||PLACE and Ove Arup issue the
ASPIRE TO CLEAR HORIZONS prospectus which proposes a cross industry
project to reduce the impact of mobile telephony infrastructure,
especially in rural areas.
||Article by Andrew Darke "Art
& Place: Cardiff Bay" in "ECOS. A Review of Conservation," Vo1.16
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